Disability in Mexico
 

The World Report on Disability estimates that 15 percent of the world population are people with disabilities. There may be some variance from one country to another. But experts believe that many countries significantly underestimate the actual prevalence rate.

Disability in Mexico.

The center of Mexico’s flag is displayed, which includes an eagle with two snacks in its talons. The country outline of Mexico is shown in the background.

Timeline.

A cascading timeline reads:

1984 The General Law of Health is revised to include provisions concerning disability inclusion.

1986 National Social Security laws are promulgated, granting the rights of social assistance to people with disabilities.

1991 The General Assembly adopts principles for the protection of persons with mental illnesses.

1993 The General Law of Education is revised to include provisions concerning disability inclusion.

1994 Other laws are revised for disability inclusion: the Stimulus Bill and Promotion of Sports, the General of Human Settlements, and the Law of Public Federal Administration.

1999 The House of Deputies approves legislative reforms in favor of persons with disabilities having full access to healthcare rights.

2005 National disability law is signed by congress, General Act on the Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities.

2007 The U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) signed and ratified.

2011 National disability law is signed and ratified, General Act on the Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities.

2014 Concluding recommendations for the U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) Committee published.

Population.

7.5% of the population is disabled (9.17 million people).

Disability Type.

A pie chart displays percentages of disability types represented in the disabled population.

Mobility 45.33% (4.16 million people).

Visual 26.01% (2.39 million people).

Other 23.6% (.1 million people).

Auditory 15.7% (1.44 million people).

Cognitive 16.13% (1.48 million people).

Speech 4.87% (.45 million people).

Rural vs. Urban Population.

27.4% of the disabled population lives in rural areas (2.51 million people).

21.6% of the overall population lives in rural areas (26.42 million people).

Age.

A bar graph shows age group percentages of the disabled population:

Age 0 – 14 is 7.3% (.62 million people).

Age 15 – 29 is 7.6% (.70 million people).

Age30 – 59 is 33.7% (3.09 million people).

Age 60 plus is 51.4% (4.71 million people).

Sex.

The disabled is population is:

47% female (4.31 million people).

53% male (4.86 million people).

Education.

15% of the disabled population is receiving a secondary education (1.38 million people).

78.3% of the total population is receiving a secondary education (95.76 million people).

Employment.

47.2% of the disabled population is employed (4.33 million people).

60.1% of the total population is employed (73.50 million people).

Poverty.

45% of the disabled population lives in poverty (4.13 million people).

11.3% of the total population lives in poverty (13.82 million people).

Sources.

2008, Disabled World, http://www.who.int/disabilities/world_report/2011/report.pdf.

2013 – 2018 Plan Nacional de Desarrollo, http://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5343100&fecha=30/04/2014.

International Disability Rights Monitor, 2004, http://bbi.syr.edu/publications/blanch_docs/2003-2004/IDRM_Americas_2004.pdf.

Gomez, 2010, http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2010/wha/154512.htm.